Cholesterol levels may vary by age, weight, and gender. Over a period of time, a person’s body tends to produce more cholesterol, meaning that all adults should check their cholesterol levels more often, ideally about every 4 to 6 years.
Also Read : How to Reduce your Cholesterol Level?
The struggle for most people is to find a way to balance these levels. While total and LDL cholesterol levels must be kept low, but having more HDL cholesterol can offer some additional protection against a person developing heart-related illnesses including major heart attacks and sudden heart strokes.
Cholesterol levels starts to increase with age. Health experts usually recommend taking earlier steps in life to prevent high levels of cholesterol developing as a person starts to become old. Years and even months of unmanaged cholesterol can become much trickier to treat in just one go.
Children are the most least likely to have high levels of cholesterol and only need to have their cholesterol levels checked once or twice before they are 18 years old.
However, if the child has inherited risk factors for higher levels of cholesterol, then they should get it monitored more frequently.
Generally it has been observed that men usually have much higher levels of cholesterol throughout their life than women.Most of the men’s cholesterol levels drastically increase as they start to age. However, women aren’t immune to high cholesterol. A woman’s cholesterol starts increases when she goes through menopause.
Healthy levels of cholesterol don’t vary much for typical adults. Variation of recommended levels starts to change due to various other health conditions and considerations.
Total cholesterol levels which is less than 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) are considered desirable for most of the adults. A reading between 200 and 239 mg/dL is considered as the borderline and a reading beyond 240 mg/dL and above is considered to be high.
LDL cholesterol levels must be less than 100 mg/dL. Levels of 100 to 129 mg/dL are quite acceptable for people who have no health issues but may be of more concern for those with heart disease or any other heart disease risk factors. A reading of 130 to 159 mg/dL is borderline high and 160 to 189 mg/dL is high. A reading of 190 mg/dL or higher is considered very high.
HDL levels must be kept higher as it is beneficial for the heart. A reading which is less than 40 mg/dL is considered a major risk factor for a heart disease. A reading from 41 mg/dL to 59 mg/dL is borderline low. The optimal reading for HDL levels is of 60 mg/dL or higher.
By comparison, acceptable levels of total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol in children are different from the other age groups.
An acceptable range of total cholesterol for any child is less than 170 mg/dL. Borderline high total cholesterol in children ranges from 170 to 199 mg/dL. Any reading of a child where total cholesterol is far over 200 in a child is considered to be too high.
A child’s LDL cholesterol levels must also be lower than an average adult’s. The optimal range of LDL cholesterol for a child is less than 110 mg/dL. Borderline high is from 110 to 129 mg/dL while high is over 130 mg/dL.
For most children and adults, eating a healthful diet and taking regular exercise will help to keep cholesterol levels in check.
Sedentary, overweight children who eat a diet high in processed foods are very likely to have high cholesterol. Children who have a family history of high cholesterol are also at risk.